Евровидение-2012. "Бурановские бабушки"/Eurovision 2012. "Buranovskiye Babushki" / Автор: Владимир Широков/Vladimir Shirokov


    The village Buranovo (the Udmurt name -  Brangurt), where the "Buranovskiye babushki" come from, is situated 30 km from Izhevsk, the capital of the Udmurt Republic, a federal subject of Russia.
    The Udmurt Republic is located on the border between Volga region and Ural, between the Kama and Vyatka Rivers.

    The Udmurts have been living there since time immemorial. During centuries, the territory of the modern Udmurtia was a part of different states: Volga Bulgaria, Golden Horde, Kazan Khanate, Vyatka Land. After the Vyatka Land was conquered in 1489, the Northern Udmurt territories became a part of the Russian state.

    The ultimate joining of Udmurt territories to the Russian state took place after the conquest of Kazan in 1552 during the reign of the Tsar Ivan the Terrible. From the end of the XVIII century until the beginning of the XX century, the Udmurt lands were a part of Vyatka governorate.

    Udmurtia as a separate administrative division has existed since 1920, when the Votyak (Udmurt) autonomous oblast was founded and then later became an autonomous republic. From 1991, the territory received its present name – the Udmurt Republic.

    Nowadays the industry as well as the agricultural sector is well developed in the republic. Here are located several large-sized machine building factories, where some of the «Buranovskiye babushki» members used to work.

    Since 1948, Mikhail Kalashnikov, the developer of the world famous Kalashnikov rifle, has lived and worked in Izhevsk.

    According to the 2002 Census, 637 thousand Udmurts live in Russia, 461 thousand of those live in Udmurtia. Today the population of the Udmurt Republic is 1 522 761 people (Census 2010).

    The Udmurts is a Finno-Ugric (Uralic) people which lives both in the Udmurt Republic and in the close-by regions. The Udmurts are speaking the Russian and the Udmurt languages. 324 thousands of people in Russia speak the Udmurt language. And exactly the Udmurt is the native language for all members of the “Buranovo Grannies”.

    The Udmurt language belongs to the Permic group of the Finno-Ugric languages of the Uralic language family. The nearest language relatives of the Udmurt are Komi and Komi-Permyak people, and more distant relatives are the Finns, the Hungarians and the Estonians.

    The Udmurt writing uses the Cyrillic alphabet. The first Udmurt books were printed in 1847. By the end of the 19th century the Udmurt writing became its present form.

    The Udmurt Folklore is very diverse and rich. It has been influenced by the traditions of the Finno-Ugric, Slavic and Turkic peoples.

    The song folklore of the Udmurt people is represented by calendar, family and household, historical, recruiting and dance songs. Among the Northern Udmurts, a unique genre is common – the choral improvisations (known also as “songs without texts”). The Udmurt songs are characterized by several adoptions from the relative song cultures – the Russian and the Tatar.

    Beside the other customs the big importance in the Udmurt folklore belongs to the festive rituals of having guests what is shown in the contest song of the “Buranovo Grannies”. Not occasionally Udmurtia is considered as a musical republic. In the Udmurt town Votkinsk a world famous composer Pyotr   Tchaikovsky was born. After more than 100 years his work is continued by the "Buranovo Grannies"!